Ethnologic Map of Pre-Roman Iberia (circa 200 B.C.). NEW VERSION #10

Full-scalable vector map with control of visual layers, manageable with Adobe Acrobat Reader 6 and later.



Luís Fraga da Silva

Associação Campo Arqueológico de Tavira, Tavira, Portugal


Portuguese and Latin.


Represented geographic information:

1.       Basic geography

·        Coastal boundaries

·        Main hidrography

2.       Major ethno-geographic groups, represented by delimited territories and name identity

·        Primary geographic-delimited ethnic groups (e.g. VASCONES).

·        Greater social formations of mixed ethnic origin and shared socio-political and cultural environment (e.g. TURDETANOS)

·        Territories of majority of  specific ethnic-linguistic groups (e.g. CELTICOS).

3.       Secondary ethnic and gentilician communities with toponymic, territorial and political identity, excluding smaller later oppida-centered civitates. (e.g. TITOS).

4.       Pre-Roman urban centers:

·        Native towns with recognized urban status in the beginning of Roman domination through specific coin emissions,  identified by location and language of emission.

·        Phoenician, Greek and Punic (Carthaginian) colonial foundations, still surviving in the end of the 2d Punic War. Only major places are identified. Towns of doubtful status and "factories" are not represented.

·        Other selected urban centers, referred by historical sources, identified by name.

5.       Colonial territories

·        Coastal area of the "Circle of the Straight", economic and cultural commonwealth centred in Gadir/Gades.

·        Geopolitical areas of colonization, territorial domination and political-military influence of Carthage, before the end of the 2d Punic War.

6.       Greater surviving dominant linguistic groups and linguistic complexes.

·        Native Iberian languages, non-indo-european and of doubtful origin: Proto-Basque, Eastern Iberian, Southern Iberian and Tartessic (Southwestern Iberian). This last one was residual by 200 B.C., replaced by celtian in most of its original territory.

·        Pre-celt indo-european (Lusitanian group). Other primitive indo-european languages were, by then, probably only toponymic.

·        Colonial languages: Libio-phoenician. African-punic dialects brought by colonialist populations settled by Carthage.

·        Celtian and Celtiberian evolutions. The whole "celt" spectrum is present in Iberia, from early "urn-field" to late "La Tène". Gaulish migrations continued until mid I B.C. Central iberia (Celtiberia) was a diffusion center of later celt movements to the North West and, specially, to the Tartessic-Turdetan South.

7.       Romanization

·        Military frontier in 194 B.C. (after the Carthaginian defeat in Iberia) and 156 B.C. (before the Lusitanian/Celtiberian Wars)

·        Roman Provinces after the 2nd territorial reorganization of August (before 7 B.C.).


The map has separated pages with the principal bibliography used in its conception and production.


The map file is in the Adobe Acrobat PDF format. It must be opened and processed with Adobe Acrobat, Acrobat Reader or any third-party software compatible with version 6 or later.

Restriction of use

The current version cannot be edited or printed in high-resolution, saved in other formats or transferred to other image-editing software. Low-resolution printing and full-scalability is however adequate for most diffusion purposes from the original Adobe Acrobat software.

Copy and diffusion

The reproduction of the map or any of its layers is allowed in non-commercial uses by private individuals.
The use by institutions or in all kinds of paid or profit-generating projects is not allowed without express permission from the author.
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